CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Updated Interim Guidance
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report has published Interim Guidance for the Evaluation and Management of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection-United States, August 2016. The revised guidance updates recommendations for the initial evaluation and testing of infants with confirmed or possible congenital exposure to Zika infection and establishes recommendations for the outpatient management and follow-up of infants with laboratory evidence of congenital Zika virus infection, with or without apparent associated birth defects. The guidance also emphasizes that families and caregivers will need ongoing psychosocial support and assistance with coordination of care. Resources for families and health care providers are also available.
Infants Born with Congenital Zika Virus in Puerto Rico
The Journal of the American Medical Association — Pediatrics published a new article, Estimating the Number of Infants That May Be Born with Congenital Zika Virus Infection and Microcephaly Following the Zika Outbreak in Puerto Rico, 2016. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention scientists estimated that 5,900 to 10,300 pregnant women may be infected during the Zika virus outbreak in Puerto Rico in 2016 in the absence of effective interventions. Of these, scientists estimated 100 to 270 infections may lead to microcephaly in infants between mid-2016 and mid-2017. These estimates underscore the importance of urgent actions to prevent Zika virus infection during pregnancy and the need to plan for medical and supportive services for families affected by Zika.
General & Maternal Child Health
Stop the Clot, Spread the Word Campaign
The National Blood Clot Alliance has launched new content for Stop the Clot, Spread the Word campaign with the Division of Blood Disorders at the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. The campaign is designed to increase awareness about life-threatening blood clots. This year, the campaign aims to sharpen people's awareness about the increased risk for blood clots if they are about to be hospitalized or have recently been discharged from the hospital. People are encouraged to discuss their risks for blood clots with their doctors and work together to develop a prevention plan prior to entering the hospital.
Make Health Care Safer by Combatting Sepsis
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new Vital Signs report about sepsis. While sepsis begins outside the hospital for nearly 80 percent of patients, CDC found that seven in 10 patients with sepsis had recently interacted with health care providers or had chronic diseases requiring frequent medical care. These represent opportunities to protect patients from sepsis by preventing infections and recognizing sepsis earlier. September is Sepsis Awareness Month. CDC will host two webinars for health care providers: Advances in Sepsis: Protecting Patients Throughout the Lifespan on Sept. 13 from 3:00-4:00 p.m. ET and Empowering Nurses for Early Sepsis Recognition on Sept. 22 from 2:00-3:00 p.m. ET.
Child and Adolescent Health
Towards Healthy Schools
Towards Healthy Schools: Reducing Risks to Children is the fourth in a series of triennial state reports from Healthy Schools Network and its partners in the Coalition for Healthier Schools. The report provides up-to-date information on key characteristics of schools, staff and poverty levels. It analyzes the structural support mechanisms for schools at the state level, and reviews programs in some states to address external impacts on children's health, such as food allergies, hazardous cleaning products, indoor air quality, lead and asbestos contamination.
Women's & Infant Health
CDC Grand Rounds — Public Health Strategies to Prevent Preterm Birth
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report has issued a publication on the CDC Grand Rounds session, Public Health Strategies to Prevent Preterm Birth. The report highlights the scope of the problem of preterm birth in the U.S. and ongoing initiatives to prevent preterm delivery.
Can Breastfeeding Protect Against Childhood Obesity?
The National Academy of Medicine published a discussion paper that examines if breastfeeding protects against the risk of childhood obesity. The objective of this paper is to analyze the biological plausibility for expecting a causal relationship between breastfeeding and risk protection against childhood obesity, present recent epidemiological evidence and identify future research areas to answer key remaining questions.