Resource Bank

Violence and Injury Prevention Resources

Guide to Integrating Injury and Violence Prevention into MCH Programs

Injuries, both intentional and unintentional, are a leading cause of death and hospitalization among populations served by Maternal and Child Health agencies. In fact, two national performance measures require MCH programs to report on injury issues, suicide in adolescents and motor vehicle fatalities in children under 14. This document provides direction on incorporating injury and violence prevention into the full spectrum of established MCH programs such as WIC, child death review, home visiting, school health, and parenting interventions.  The guide stresses achieving maximum impact by framing injury prevention messages within the primary mission of particular MCH programs and getting the most out of limited resources.     
Contact CSN for copies:
Children's Safety Network National Injury and Violence Prevention Resource Center. (2008).
Weaving a safety net: Integrating injury and violence prevention into maternal and child health programs.
Newton, MA: Education Development Center.

bike with helmetTool to Assist in the Development of Bike Safety Programs for Children and Youth

This tool was created for State Maternal and Child Health agencies and injury prevention programs to disseminate to local health departments and community organizations interested in developing effective bike safety programs for children and youth. The document summarizes strategies drawn from comprehensive reviews of high quality evaluations to ensure the best possible chances of success. It includes a discussion of bicycle injuries among children and provides annotated lists of the following resources: guides for planning programs; contacts for partners and funding; program evaluation guides; and sources of "off-the-shelf" education materials for dissemination to parents, kids and communities.$FILE/CSNBikeSafety_brochure.pdf
Children's Safety Network National Injury and Violence Prevention Resource Center. (2008).
Promoting bicycle safety for children: Strategies and tools for community programs.
Newton, MA: Education Development Center.

Report on Preventing Youth Suicide in Rural America

The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) and the State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors Association (STIPDA) formed a workgroup to generate recommendations to prevent suicide among rural youth. This report details the recommendations for state-level agencies to address data and surveillance, services, screening and identification, gatekeeper training, bereavement, promoting help-seeking behaviors, and survivor issues.
STIPDA Rural Youth Suicide Prevention Workgroup (2008)
Preventing youth suicide in rural America: Recommendations to states
Atlanta: State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors Association (STIPDA) and Newton, MA: Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC)

Summary of Cost-Benefit Analysis for Injury Prevention Programs

Prevention not only saves lives, but also saves dollars. This set of fact sheets summarizes the incidence of injuries and cost savings of interventions to prevent injuries due to motor vehicles, impaired driving, open-flame/burns, and violence. It also includes cost savings realized by other health/miscellaneous services and substance abuse prevention programs that can act to prevent injury and violence.  These data can provide compelling arguments for funding legislative and programmatic injury prevention efforts.$FILE/Injury%20Prevention%20-%20What%20Works.pdf
Children’s Safety Network Economics and Data Analysis Resource Center (2005).
Injury prevention: What works? A summary of cost-outcome analysis for injury prevention programs.
Calverton, MD: Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation

HRSA’s Stop Bullying Now! Campaign

This resource collection features information for kids, parents, educators, and communities to address the problem of bullying. Bullying is now recognized, not a normal part of growing up, but as a preventable source of trauma and distress to young people which can have life-long consequences. Campaign materials including guides, PSAs, camera-ready art, and “webisodes” with characters created for Stop Bullying Now!, raise awareness and teach children and adults how to respond to, prevent, and Stop Bullying Now! Two webinars geared toward public health professionals explain how the program has been used by states, schools and community groups.
Stop Bullying Now! Campaign:
Community Action: What YOU can do to Stop Bullying Now webinar:
Bullying Prevention: The role YOU play (webinar) Powerpoint:

The National MCH Center for Child Death Review

The Center provides technical assistance, training and support at the state, national and local level. Services include guidance on strategic planning and program development, descriptions of state child death review teams and information on how to use child death review recommendations to prevent injury in children.

Report on Cause-of-Injury Coding Strategies

This CDC report provides strategies state surveillance systems can use to ensure uniform, high quality external cause of injury coding for nonfatal injuries, which can identify trends and help set priorities for injury prevention programs. Currently, the quality of E-coding varies substantially from state to state. Establishing and adhering to standards that require uniform and high quality cause of injury coding will make it useful for injury surveillance and prevention activities at the local, state, and federal levels.
Annest JL, Fingerhut LA, Gallagher SS, Grossman DC, Hedegaard H, Johnson RL, Kohn M, Pickett D, Thomas KE, Trent RB; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Strategies to improve external cause-of-injury coding in state-based hospital discharge and emergency department data systems: recommendations of the CDC Workgroup for Improvement of External Cause-of-Injury Coding. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Recommendations and Reports. 2008 Mar 28;57(RR-1):1-15

Review of School-Based Programs for the Prevention of Violent and Aggressive Behavior

The Task Force on Community Preventive Services, an independent arm of the CDC, is charged with providing comprehensive reviews of the evidence, and recommendations based on those reviews, for issues relating to public health.  Universal school-based programs to reduce or prevent violent behavior are delivered to all children within a classroom, grade or school. During 2004-2006, the Task Force on Community Preventive Services conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of these programs. The results of this review provide strong evidence that universal school-based programs decrease rates of violence and aggressive behavior among school-aged children. On that basis, the Task Force recommends the use of universal school-based violence prevention programs.
Hahn R, Fuqua-Whitley D, Wethington H, Lowy J, Liberman A, Crosby A, Fullilove M, Johnson R, Moscicki E, Price L, Snyder SR, Tuma F, Cory S, Stone G, Mukhopadhaya K, Chattopadhyay S, Dahlberg L; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); Task Force on Community Preventive Services.
The effectiveness of universal school-based programs for the prevention of violent and aggressive behavior: a report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Recommendations and Reports. 2007 Aug 10;56(RR-7):1-12.

Best Practices Guide to Child Passenger Safety

This guide to evidence-based strategies in child passenger safety uses previously developed comprehensive guidelines and an assessment tool for state highway safety offices to examine their OPC programs and focus resources where they are most needed. Special attention is given to occupant protection for children between the ages of 8 and 16, who are older than recommended ages for booster seats and still too young for driver education.
Governor’s Highway Safety Association and State Farm Insurance. (2008).
Occupant Protection for Children (OPC): Best Practices Manual.
DC: Governor’s Highway Safety Association. 

Summary of Data from National Violent Death Reporting System

In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). NVDRS connects data from sources which were fragmented before the NVDRS was established such as toxicology reports; crime reports; medical/coroners reports; death certificates; and other sources providing a comprehensive picture of violent death for researchers and public health practitioners. This report, for the first time since the creation of NVDRS, summarizes and examines data on nearly 16,000 violent deaths occurring in 16 states surveyed by the system in 2005.
Karch DL, Lubell KM, Friday J, Patel N, Williams DD; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Surveillance for violent deaths--National Violent Death Reporting System, 16 states, 2005.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Surveillance Summaries. 2008 Apr 11;57(3):1-45.

Prevention Resource Center (SPRC)
Established in 2002, the Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) is funded by SAMHSA to provide technical assistance, training, and resources to assist organizations and individuals to develop suicide prevention programs, interventions and policies, and to advance the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.  The Center’s Training Institute includes workshops for mental health professionals and community groups, a discussion series to foster dialog among practitioners, researchers and others, and distance learning opportunities.  SPRC’s products include publications on the scope of the suicide problem, prevention information geared toward specific roles such as student, clergy etc.; and a registry of best practices which examines programs against expert and consensus statements and adherence to standards


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