Title V: National Performance Measure #10
Cost-Benefit of Child Safety Seat Programs
Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of fatal injuries. There is a cost associated with fatal and non-fatal injuries. Motor vehicle collisions often result in medical costs, lost work time, and diminished quality of life. The total annual cost of motor vehicle related death and injury is over $240 billion. Interventions to reduce motor vehicle injuries include efforts to improve driver and pedestrian safety, vehicle design, and road design. Child seats are an effective way of reducing child injuries in motor vehicle crashes.1
The Children’s Safety Network has a fact sheet series, Injury Prevention – What Works? A summary of cost-outcome analysis for injury prevention programs, that can help you determine if your chosen injury intervention has documented cost-effectiveness. Three types of child seat programs with cost-benefit analyses are included in these facts sheets 2: Child Safety Seat Laws, Child Safety Seat Distribution (Ages 0-4), and Child Seat Misuse Reduction through education campaigns and check points. Child Safety Seat Laws require that children ages 0-4 be appropriately restrained when traveling in passenger vehicles. Child Safety Seat Distribution (Ages 0-4) encompasses giving away approved child safety seats to parents and caregivers. Child Seat Misuse Reduction addresses car seat checkpoints to ensure that child safety seats are properly installed in vehicles, children are appropriately fastened in the child seat, and parents and caregivers have an understanding of procedures.
In the fact sheet series, over 100 injury interventions are examined, with child seat programs featured as interventions 1, 5, and 6. All three child seat programs are cost-effective and yield a good return on investment. For more details on the fact sheet series or to look at other cost-benefit ratios, visit the Children’s Safety Network website at www.childrenssafetynetwork.org.
1) Childhood Injury Cost and Prevention Facts. Children’s Safety Network Economics and Data Analysis Resource Center fact sheet series (September, 2005). http://notes.edc.org/HHD/CSN/csnpubs.nsf/cb5858598bf707d58525686d005ec222/da383cbe3d9b002585256bbf005480f2?OpenDocument
2) Injury Prevention – What Works? A summary of cost-outcome analysis for injury prevention programs. Children’s Safety Network Economics and Data Analysis Resource Center fact sheet series (September, 2005). http://notes.edc.org/HHD/CSN/csnpubs.nsf/cb5858598bf707d58525686d005ec222/a2126ad88e9d48408525722d007da14c?OpenDocument
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